KILKA SŁÓW WSTĘPU

Opole, a city in southwestern Poland. The capital of the Opole Voivodeship and the capital of Polish Song. Until 1950, it was located within the Silesian Province. In 1998, the inhabitants of the Opolskie Voivodeship won the fact that it still exists.

Today, Opole is still developing and flourishing. In 2017, the city celebrated the 800th anniversary of granting city rights. The legend about the foundation of Opole tells about a tribal ruler who long ago, when the area on the Oder was overgrown with huge, wild forests, left his team alone while hunting. Unable to find his way, he wandered for many days in the woods. When he finally found a small clearing and the peasant huts standing on it, he was to shout for joy: “Oh! field!" In gratitude, he ordered a castle to be built in this place. Opole just. That's what the legend says. Historical truth is more prosaic. Our ancestors used the name "Opole" for the area where there were housing estates, fields and pastures. Settlement in Opole began in the 8th century, mainly due to its location at the crossroads of ancient trade routes. From the east, from Kiev through Krakow to Wrocław and further to the West, and from the north, from the Baltic Sea, as the so-called The "amber route", through the Moravian Gate to Italy and further. However, the favorable defensive conditions, with the little accessible, swamp-covered left bank Odra river, were also important for our ancestors. The history of Opole is not shorter than the history of such ancient castles as Gniezno or Krakow. The oldest mention of Opole is in anonymous records, the so-called "Bavarian Geographer" (from 846). They clearly show that already 1150 years ago, Opole was the capital of the tribe, to which twenty other, smaller settlements were subject. It was not enough, taking into account the fact that the neighboring Ślężanie had fifteen settlements, and Golęszyce - only five ... We invite you to visit Opole, and in particular to get acquainted with the history of selected five monuments.

Zdjęcie miejsca nr 1

Venice of Opole

Zdjęcie miejsca nr 2

Groszowy Bridge

Zdjęcie miejsca nr 3

Bolko Island

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